Abiotic Stress

Abiotic stress refers to the negative impact of non-living environmental factors on plant growth and development. These factors can include extreme temperatures, drought, salinity, and heavy metals. Abiotic stress can cause significant damage to crops and natural plant populations, leading to reduced yields and plant mortality. Plants respond to abiotic stress through a variety of mechanisms, including changes in gene expression, altered metabolic pathways, and adjustments to physiological processes. Mitigating the effects of abiotic stress on plants is critical for maintaining food security and preserving natural ecosystems.

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